题 目：Water, Water Everywhere, Not Any Drop to Drink
报告人：Professor Iqbal M Mujtaba, FREng 英国皇家工程院院士
Improved standards of living require increasing amount of freshwater. Consequently, in the last 50 years, a sharp increase in the volume of industrial effluents (and sewage) being generated and disposed of into rivers and oceans is witnessed causing significant harm on our ecosystem and health. Although the Ancient Mariners' rime: "Water, water everywhere/Not any drop to drink" was referring to 97% of the planet's water (seawater), vast amount polluted river streams around the world would fit equally to this rime. Climate change also results in river water levels falling in many parts of the world to a dangerous level impacting agriculture, transportation of essential commodities, etc.
What is the solution? Securing sustainable water (and food, and energy) supply is more important challenges today for scientists and engineers than ever before. Therefore, managing these resources carefully is not only a localised problem but globalised too. The management of water includes (a) cost-effective and sustainable production of freshwater via water treatment of river or reservoir water or via desalination of seawater (b) wastewater treatment and re-use (c) efficient and cost-effective water network for distribution (d) effective use of water in agriculture and industries and (e) water demand management.
This lecture will highlight these global issues around the world and will reflect on potential technical solution of the water management issues from Process Systems Engineering perspective.
Iqbal M. Mujtaba is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, Fellow of the IChemE, a Chartered Chemical Engineer and a Professor of Computational Process Engineering and is currently Associate Dean (Learning, Teaching & Quality) of the Faculty of Engineering & Informatics at the University of Bradford. He was Head of the School of Engineering at the University of Bradford from 2016-2018. He obtained his PhD from Imperial College London in 1989. He was the Chair of the European Committee for Computers in Chemical Engineering Education from 2010-2013 and the Chair of the IChemE's Computer Aided Process Engineering Special Interest Group from 2012-2019. Professor Mujtaba leads research into dynamic modelling, simulation, optimisation and control of batch and continuous chemical processes with specific interests in distillation, industrial reactors, refinery processes, desalination, wastewater treatment and crude oil hydrotreating focusing on energy and water. He has managed several research collaborations and consultancy projects with industry and academic institutions in the UK, Italy, Hungary, Malaysia, Thailand, India, Qatar, South Africa, Iraq, Algeria, China, Libya, Jordan, Bangladesh, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia.